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Last reviewed on 12 February 2021
Ref: 4735
School types: All · School phases: All

Get to grips with how provision for pupils with special educational needs (SEN) is funded in your school.

Mainstream schools: you'll receive funding in 2 main ways

1. Your budget or core funding

As a mainstream maintained school, academy or free school, your school receives resources to support its pupils with SEN through its main budget, or core funding - this is known as your 'notional SEN budget'. 

Your school’s budget is calculated through the national funding formula (NFF). But until the 'hard NFF' is introduced, your local authority (LA) will use its own local funding formula to determine the actual allocation for its schools. It'll use factors such as ‘deprivation’ and ‘low prior attainment’ to account for pupils with high needs in your school. 

Using the budget, your school is expected to:

Where the cost of a pupil’s additional support is higher than £6,000, the excess will be met with top-up funding (more

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