How to interrogate a finance report

Read our step-by-step guide to monitoring the finance report so you're clear on what the numbers mean, what to look out for and what questions to ask in your finance committee meeting.

Last reviewed on 25 September 2023
School types: Maintained, Special, AcademySchool phases: Primary, SecondaryRef: 4186
  1. What's a finance report and what should it include?
  2. What to look for
  3. Example finance report: budget overview
  4. How to interrogate
  5. Approving budget amendments (virements)
  6. Approving invoices and orders
  7. Forward projection
  8. Next: scrutinise the budget

What's a finance report and what should it include?

As a governor, it's your job to keep a close eye on finances, including monitoring the school budget during the year.

You'll likely receive a finance report from your SBM before finance committee meetings.

There are no statutory requirements

However, the report should:

  • Have an overview of the budget to date – i.e. the 'headline figures' of all the money the school has received and spent at the time of the report 
  • Summarise the key changes since the last meeting
  • Come with commentary to explain things such as:
    • Whether something has changed since the last meeting and why 
    • Whether these changes were foreseeable
    • What the consequences of the changes are

The budget, on the other hand, shows all of the school's finances to date in detail, with no explanations.

What the budget was at the start of your school's financial year (April for maintained schools) Expenditure to date How much money your

The Key has taken great care in publishing this article. However, some of the article's content and information may come from or link to third party sources whose quality, relevance, accuracy, completeness, currency and reliability we do not guarantee. Accordingly, we will not be held liable for any use of or reliance placed on this article's content or the links or downloads it provides. This article may contain information sourced from public sector bodies and licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0.