Get a handle on the key terms relating to special educational needs and disability (SEND), with a downloadable version to share with new governors.
Types of SEND
Special educational needs. A pupil has SEN if they need special educational provision due to a learning difficulty or disability.
|SEND||Special educational needs and disability. Both terms are used, often interchangeably.|
|Areas of need||
4 broad categories are used to describe a pupil’s SEN. They are:
|ASD||Autistic spectrum disorder.|
|MLD||Moderate learning difficulties.|
|PMLD||Profound and multiple learning difficulties.|
|SEMH||Social, emotional and mental health.|
|SLCN||Speech, language and communication needs.|
|SLD||Severe learning difficulties. Can also refer to speech and language difficulties.|
|SpLD||Specific learning difficulties e.g. dyslexia, dyscalculia and dyspraxia.|
Accessibility plan A document that sets out how the school plans to improve accessibility for pupils with disabilities at school. Annual review A review of a pupil's EHC plan carried out by the local authority at least every 12 months. Assessment Or 'EHC needs assessment'. An initial assessment, carried out by the local authority, which decides whether a child or young person needs an EHC plan. Can