Amalgamation of schools: process and considerations

If you're considering amalgamation, know what to think about before deciding if it's right for your school, and understand your role in the process.

Last reviewed on 3 November 2022
See updates
School types: All · School phases: All
Ref: 4673
  1. Reasons for amalgamation
  2. Routes to amalgamation
  3. Consider the impact: examples from schools
  4. Governors' role in preparing for amalgamation

Reasons for amalgamation

If you're considering amalgamation, you might be:

  • Wanting to create an all-through school
  • A smaller school that needs or wants to stay viable by sharing a headteacher and centralising administrative services

Local authorities (LAs) have the power to require their schools to amalgamate. They may do this to:

  • Minimise disruption for primary pupils by joining infant and junior schools to create all-through primaries
  • Close a school that’s no longer viable by itself
  • Increase the number of school places to meet local demand
  • Raise standards at a school that has been judged ‘inadequate’ by Ofsted where no sponsored academy is available

The process in maintained schools  The DfE's statutory guidance on opening and closing maintained schools includes information on amalgamating maintained schools. It explains on pages 18 and 19 that there are 2 routes for amalgamation: Route 1: closing both schools The LA or governing board (depending on the type of school) can publish a proposal