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  • Hard federations: process Find out what a hard federation between maintained schools is and be clear about the process you need to follow to form one. If you're federating, publish your proposals using our report template.
  • School collaboration approaches Schools can choose to collaborate in many different ways. To help you to determine what might work well for your school, we compare different models of collaboration, and look at research on the impact of collaboration.
  • Soft federations: process Is there guidance on forming a soft federation? This article explains that maintained schools can enter into collaboration with other schools without forming one governing body. We look at the process of starting and ending collaboration. We also relay advice on collaboration and executive headship.