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'Approving' and 'ratifying' policies: is there a difference?

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Last updated on 4 January 2017
School types: All · School phases: All
In-depth article
Is there a difference between 'approving' and 'ratifying' a policy? We explain that there is no official guidance on the definition of either term but that the Department for Education (DfE) refers only to approval of policies. We include examples of the use of both terms by governing bodies.

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  1. 1 Is there a difference between approving and ratifying a policy?
  2. 2 The DfE uses 'approval' of policies
  3. 3 Use of ‘approve’ and ‘ratify’ by schools and local authorities

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