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How to analyse your data using ASP (secondary)
Analysing your performance data is a key part of understanding your school’s performance and holding senior leaders to account. Read our guide on using Analyse School Performance (ASP) – the RAISEonline replacement service – so you know what data is available to you and what to focus on.
We worked with one of our associate education experts, Ben White, to explain how you can use Analyse School Performance (ASP) to analyse your secondary school data. You can log in to ASP via DfE sign in.
The DfE introduced ASP as a replacement for RAISEonline in 2017. Although ASP is a new service for setting out your school's data, the principles of what to look for and what it tells you about your school's performance are much the same.
The article below explains where you can access certain information in ASP, and some tips for what to look for in your data.
The landing page and top tab on the left-hand menu focuses on the main Key Stage (KS) 4 data. This looks at the headline performance measures, namely:
- Progress 8
- Attainment 8
- The percentage of students achieving grade 5 or above in English and maths
- Percentage entering the English Baccalaureate (EBacc)
- EBacc average point score (EBacc APS)
- Percentage staying in education or employment after KS4
The progress 8 score is colour coded relating to how it compares nationally, from ‘well above average’ to ‘well below average’.
Each measure is also shown compared to the local authority (LA) and national average.
You should focus on the headline measures that are lower than national (or local) averages.
The interactive 'explore data in detail' and 'view pupil breakdown' options allow you to look at the context around results by telling you:
- How performance varies across each slot of progress/attainment 8
- How performance varies across particular characteristic groups and prior attainment
'Explore data in detail'
This option breaks a particular measure down further. It's set out in a table that provides a breakdown by pupil group and prior attainment.
For example, the progress 8 table sets out the following information:
When ‘exploring the data in detail’, you can also apply filters for characteristics, ethnicity or prior attainment band.
‘View pupil breakdown’: progress 8 and attainment 8
For both progress 8 and attainment 8, you can click on ‘view pupil breakdown’ and produce a graph that plots the measure against KS2 prior attainment.
This can also be filtered by certain pupil characteristics (disadvantage, gender, special educational needs (SEN) and first language). Once filtered, individual students can be identified by clicking the relevant spot on the graph.
For attainment 8, you can also view the KS2 prior attainment in maths and English individually (as well as KS2 prior attainment overall, as used for the progress 8 measure).
Viewing the pupil breakdown can be useful for heads of department, particular maths and English, when looking at individual slots of progress 8 as it shows this performance separately and allows you to assess how performance varied across pupil groups.
For example, if the performance is relatively low for pupils with English as an additional language (EAL), there may be reading or vocabulary issues for these pupils affecting their access to the curriculum.
As individual students can be identified in this view, this can help you produce further information or case studies at individual pupil level. For example this can help you identify action points or assess the success of previous interventions with these students.
No confidence intervals on progress 8 scores
The progress 8 scores in the general KS4 data section don’t have confidence intervals. It is therefore advisable to interpret these figures critically.
Fairly high or low scores for small cohorts may not accurately reflect the quality of teaching and learning because 1 or 2 pupil results have a greater impact on the overall results for that cohort.
This tab mirrors the KS4 data section but only for disadvantaged students. As with the KS4 data tab, you can ‘explore data in more detail’ and ‘view pupil breakdowns’.
The progress 8 scores in this section do have confidence intervals.
As the confidence intervals are provided for disadvantaged students' progress 8 scores, it allows you to interpret the figures with more certainty than those in the general KS4 data.
Question level analysis
The question level analysis tab provides a detailed breakdown of KS2 exams in English and maths for the year 7 cohort.
This can help you identify how to support this cohort and highlight any attainment issues in relation to a specific aspect of literacy or numeracy.
IDSR and other reports
The 'list of reports' tab includes the Ofsted inspection data summary report (IDSR).
Most of the IDSR is data repeated from the ASP format. Since ASP is more interactive rather than 'static', it is generally easier to use ASP to explore the data in detail. However, some information may be better suited to IDSR.
For example, the IDSR will set out the 'areas to investigate' that Ofsted inspectors will look at before inspection. It is useful to be aware of these areas before an inspection, however, it is better to use ASP to look at the data behind them.
Elements that are better looked at in the IDSR include the quintiles showing characteristics data, which offer easy comparisons at a glance for your school's context.
If you have a sixth form, you will also be able to access 16-19 data in a separate IDSR in the list of reports. Sixth-form data is not available in ASP.
Ofsted has produced guidance and example reports for the IDSR which are available via the page below:
Other available reports
The 'list of reports' tab has, in addition to the IDSR and supplementary IDSRs:
- A school performance summary which allows you to view most of the ASP content in a format that can be printed or saved as a pdf file
- Headline measures reports (again using the ASP data but printable)
- 'Additional' KS4 reports, including grade 4 pass rates for English and maths and the EBacc and a KS4 pupil list
- Absence and exclusions reports
For the most part, the ASP data and IDSR will provide you with the most significant data. However, for areas of particular analysis you may wish to look at the additional reports, and the KS4 grade 4 or above reports will be useful to compare to the same measures when using a grade 5 or above pass rate.
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